My friends took me to a small village outside of Warsaw for a bit of a holiday – I don’t recall how long we stayed there, perhaps two days, but however long the time, it was filled with much to see, very good company, and wonderful memories.
The view from my room. We stayed in what would be called a bed and breakfast in the USA. My room was large, but sparse. The bed was adequate, but certainly would not bring to mind the beds in, say, Hampton Inn. But the balcony! The balcony was wonderful, the view marvelous. Meals were served family style and you ate what was served. I remember delicious dishes, and I do not recall anything that I did not enjoy. Apparently early April is not peak tourist time, because the village was not crowded.
The history of the town dates back to the 12th century, when the village of Wietzna Gora (Windy Hill) was situated here, it said at this website. It was granted, along with neighboring villages, to the nuns of the Norbertine Order by Casimir II the Just at the end of the 12th century. It’s said that the nuns renamed the town Kazimierz after Casimir II the Just, but other sources attribute the name being given in honor of the 14th century King Casimir III the Great, also a major benefactor to the town. It was Casimir the Great who, in 1325, established the local parish and in the 14th century transformed the medieval settlement into a city by granting it a municipal charter.
In this photo, you can see the wooden well in the center of the square. The town was located near the Vistula River, and was on the main route for transport of grain to the larger cities; as a result, it grew rapidly owing to the ferrying services and customs duties from the flourishing trade, and primarily the floating goods down the river.
In the 1500-1650s, Kazimierz Dolny was one of the major commercial centers trading cereals in Poland.In 1657 the Swedish troops marched into town and Kazimierz entered a period of wars, fires, plunders and plagues. The town was reconstructed by the mid-17th century, replacing the original wooden structures with more impressive, more spectacular structures.
Przybylo Family Houses on the right. The Przybylo brothers were prominent merchants in the town.
As a result of the Partitions of Poland and the separation of Gdansk from Poland, the town lost its status as a prosperous trading center, but soon became a fashionable summer resort and in the beginning of the 20th century, an “artists’ colony”. Another source, states that the town became a source of interest to artists in the 18th century, and a tourist attraction in the 20th.
Although we only spent a couple of days there, I took enough photos and found the village interesting enough to create fodder for what appears to be three, maybe four, days of posts. After that there is more to share, so we may spend another couple of weeks in Poland. Hopefully you won’t all become so bored with it all that you stop visiting! For my part, I am loving reliving the trip and learning a bit more about these places.